Mezhathur is a picturesque Palakkadan village near Trithala town. It lies 3 kilometre south of Trithala town on the Trithala – Koottanad road. The village’s name, Mezhathur, finds its roots in the fascinating legend of Mezhathol Agnihotri. Believed to be the first son of Parayipetta Panthirukulam, Agnihotri is said to have performed 99 sacred yagas (fire rituals) here. This legendary connection imbues Mezhathur with a sense of timeless spirituality.


Karukaputhur is a vibrant village in the Thirumittacode Grama Panchayath of Palakkad district, Kerala. Positioned on the Palakkad-Thrissur border, it is a rapidly growing junction. Karukaputhur stands out as the largest commercial center in the Thirumittacode Grama Panchayath, playing a crucial role in the area’s economic development.

The Narasimhamoorthi Temple is the central landmark of Karukaputhur town. This temple is notable for its impressive fort-like wall, which adds to its stunning appearance. Located in the heart of the town, the temple serves as a focal point and a significant cultural site for the town.

Karukaputhur is a village with a majority Hindu and Muslim population, known for its strong sense of religious harmony. The Narasimhamoorthy Temple Pooram and the Karukaputhur Nercha are two major festivals celebrated in the town, drawing participants from various locations. These festivals exemplify the peaceful coexistence and mutual respect between the communities.

Pattambi taluk in Palakkad district is notable for its unique Pooram-like festivals celebrated by Muslims. Such a tradition of Nercha festivals is not found in Muslim communities outside Pattambi taluk, highlighting its distinctive cultural heritage.

Karukaputhur Town

Karukaputhur is a major junction town connecting the Thrissur district with the eastern part of Palakkad district, particularly Pattambi taluk. The town is strategically located, just 8 kilometers from both Chalissery and Nelluvai near Wadakkanchery. Additionally, the Cheruthuruthi-Shornur road links Karukaputhur to Shornur, which hosts the largest railway station in Kerala, enhancing the town’s connectivity and accessibility.

Birthplace of Metroman E Shreedharan

Karukaputhur is the birthplace of E. Sreedharan, the legendary engineer hailed as the “Metro Man.” Sreedharan’s journey from a small village boy to a national icon is an inspiring tale. Karukaputhur, with its traditional Kerala way of life, undoubtedly instilled in him a strong work ethic and a deep appreciation for precision.

Hussain Kalpoor

Hussain Kalpoor was a wildlife recuer, forest watcher, and a snake catcher who was indeed known as Steve Irwin of Kerala. As a charismatic wildlife enthusiast and animal behavior expert with excellent knowledge of rough terrains of Western Ghat mountains of Kerala, Kerala Forest Department hired him as a forest watcher.

Hussain Kalpoor died in September 2022 due to wild elephant attack while exercising his duty at Palappilly, Thrissur. In a courageous attempt to drive away a herd of wild elephants encroaching human settlements using two kumki elephants, he had succumbed to death. His unwavering commitment to safeguarding both human and animal lives in an area like Palappilly which is prone to wild elephant encounters. He was working as a watcher of Rapid Response Team  (RRT) of Forest Department.

Hussain Kalpoor was born in Kalpoor near Karamoola, a border town between Karassery and Koodaranji panchayaths. Koodaranji, a hilly panchayath of Kozhikode district which is at the foothills of Western Ghat mountains where human animal conflict is a regular phenomenon. Growing up in such a prestine environment, it’s likely that Hussain’s early life was deeply influenced by nature and wildlife surrounded him.

Hussain Kalpoor kept a very good relationship with his fellow people and was very popular in Koodaranji, Karassery, and Kodiyathur panchayaths. Starting his wildlife rescue journey by fearlessly catching snakes, including the formidable king cobras and quickly gained name for his bravery and expertise. People from neighbourhood used to call him if they spotted a snake. Some people called him as “Vava Suresh of Kozhikode”.

He has worked with Arun Zacharih, a prominent veterinary surgeon at Forest Department of Kerala. Mr. Zachariah was the man behind mission Arikomban in 2023. Hussain has assisted him in capturing and relocating elephants and tigers. He had the skill to fire tranquilizer darts in operations. He traveled to all hotspots of human-wildlife conflicts in Kerala. He was very active in zones of tiger-human conflict in Wayanadu district and human-elephant conflict zones in Kozhikode, Malappuram, and Palakkad districts.


Kakkadampoyil stands as a prominent hill station in the scenic landscapes Western Ghat mountains of Kerala. Situated 50 kilometers from Kozhikode town and 22 kilometers from Nilambur, it captivates visitors with its serene beauty and refreshing atmosphere.Kakkadampoyil reigns as one of its highest points in Malabar region, with elevations ranging from 700 to a staggering 2100 meters.

Despite being a small village comprising just a single ward within Koodaranji panchayath, Kakkadampoyil exerts a significant influence over the broader area with its expansive, sparsely populated terrain. This picturesque landscape is also home to numerous tribal communities, adding to its cultural richness and diversity.

Kakkadampoyil, a charming hill station, boasts a temperate climate that remains cool even during the scorching summer months of April and May, providing respite from the sweltering heat prevalent in the lowlands. Its cool temperatures, breathtaking viewpoints, and waterfalls allure thousands of domestic tourists annually. Moreover, the region is an ideal destination for trekking, hiking, and various adventure activities. Renowned for its spice production, Kakkadampoyil is abundant in nutmeg, pepper, coconut, arecanut, coffee, cocoa, black pepper, banana, and other aromatic spices, adding to its allure and appeal.

Kakkadampoyil is currently experiencing a significant surge in tourism, with numerous resorts and hotels cropping up across its picturesque hillsides. Each resort is meticulously designed to offer visitors breathtaking viewpoints. Many boast infinity pools that overlook stunning vistas. Jeep safaris are a popular activity in Kakkadampoyil, providing tourists with access to various viewpoints, enchanting waterfalls, and aromatic spice farms. Spice farm tourism is thriving in this area, particularly renowned for its nutmeg cultivation. Kakkadampoyil and its surrounding areas boast exceptionally fertile land ideal for nutmeg cultivation. In Kozhikode, Kakkadampoyil stands out for its high concentration of nutmeg production. Poovaranthodu, located near Kakkadampoyil, is recognized as the nutmeg capital of the Kozhikode district.

During jeep safaris in Kakkadampoyil, visitors have the opportunity to delve into the intricacies of nutmeg cultivation and production. Guides and local jeep drivers provide insights into the cultivation process, from planting to harvesting, and offer glimpses into the local techniques and traditions surrounding nutmeg farming. It’s a fascinating way for tourists to not only enjoy the natural beauty of the region but also to learn about its agricultural heritage. Kerala’s nutmeg, renowned for its distinct aroma, rich flavor, and exceptional quality, commands high demand beyond its borders. The new hill highway holds promising potential to further boost nutmeg trade of Kakkadampoyil in the future. Improved connectivity and transportation infrastructure can facilitate easier access to markets, enabling nutmeg growers to expand their reach and capitalize on the growing demand for this prized spice.

With its fertile land and conducive environment, it’s no surprise that agricultural enterprises like pig farming are flourishing in the area. The growing demand for pork products and the availability of resources for pig rearing likely contribute to the success of this business venture. Traditionally, the hilly regions of Kozhikode district, including Thiruvambady, Koodaranju, and Kodenchery, have been known as significant producers of pigs.

Amusement Parks

Beyond its captivating natural beauty and established resorts, Kakkadampoyil is fast becoming a haven for family fun. Amusement parks and water theme parks are popping up, adding another layer of excitement for visitors. Two major attractions include the Kakkadampoyil Water Theme Park, perfect for a refreshing splash, and the Foggy Mountain Adventurous and Kids Park, offering a thrilling mix of adventure and entertainment for all ages.

Kozhippara waterfalls

Situatedamidst the scenic hills of Kakkadampoyil lies Kozhippara waterfalls, a captivating destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers alike. This cascading wonder, often mistaken for a flowing river carving its path through hard rock, is a true waterfall offering a refreshing escape. While the crystal-clear waters beckon swimmers during the dry season, it’s crucial to exercise caution during the monsoon (June to November) due to strong currents and slippery rocks. Easily accessible from Kakkadampoyil town, Kozhippara waterfalls are a popular stop for jeep safaris, offering a thrilling immersion into the region’s natural beauty.

Pazhassi Caves

Shrouded in history and legend, Pazhassi Cave, located in Nayadampoyil near Kozhippara waterfalls, beckons history buffs and explorers. This network of caves, situated near the border of Kozhikode and Malappuram districts, is believed to have served as a refuge for the valiant Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja during his fight against the British East India Company in the early 1800s. A clandestine tunnel had constructed to provide a covert passage to this location, enabling fighters to evade detection by the British authorities.
Adding to the intrigue, jeep safaris  local government authorities can take you close to the caves. However, a short trek is necessary to reach the actual site. The difficulty level of the caves varies, with some offering a moderately challenging trek and others requiring a higher level of experience for skilled explorers.
Important safety precautions are essential when visiting Pazhassi Cave. Be prepared for the trek and choose a cave that suits your fitness level. A guide familiar with the area is highly recommended, especially for exploring the more challenging caves. Additionally, be aware of the possibility of encountering wild animals, including snakes like king cobras. It’s crucial to stay alert and follow your guide’s instructions to ensure a safe and enriching experience.


Koombara is a picturesque and scenic village in Koodaranji grama panchayath of Kozhikode district. The village traces its root from large scale migration from Travancore in the early twentith century. Koombara is a very important village in Koodaranji grama panchayath. Koombara serves as a vital link within the Koodaranji panchayath which one of the largest by area, strategically positioned at the crossroads of tourism. This charming village acts as a bridge, connecting travelers between Koodaranji town and the  hill station of Kakkadampoyil.

Winding its way through Kerala’s majestic hills, the Kerala Hill Highway, also known as State Highway 59, promises to unlock the full potential of Koombara. This ambitious multi-purpose project by the Kerala government aims to not only boost the tourism sector but also improve the lives of the many hill farmers who are the backbone of the state’s economy.
The highway, connecting Nandarapadavu in Kasaragod to Parassala in Thiruvananthapuram, will traverse Koombara town. The Kodanchery to Kakkadampoyil stretch will significantly enhance mobility for Koombara residents, making it easier to connect with other parts of Kerala. This improved connectivity is poised to unlock Koombara’s hidden tourism potentials like Pushpagiri viewpoint and Akampuzha waterfalls, attracting visitors to experience its unique charm. Shrouded in mystery and natural beauty, Akampuzha waterfalls whisper promises of vast potential waiting to be unveiled. It lies just 2.5 kilometres away from Koombara town.

Located amidst the verdant embrace of Koombara, Pushpagiri Viewpoint beckons with breathtaking panoramas. Imagine a natural balcony, a flat rock carpeted with soft grass, offering a front-row seat to the mesmerizing majesty of the Western Ghats. This tranquil haven promises serenity and unforgettable experience, making it an essential stop on any Kakkadampoyil trip.


Koodaranji is a scenic town and grama panchayath with stunning and pictureque landscape and natural beauty. This charming town boasts stunning landscapes and breathtaking natural beauty. Situated in the hilly Kozhikode district, Koodaranji serves as a major commercial hub in the district’s southeast region. In fact, it’s one of the largest grama panchayaths in Kerala by area. While Kozhikode town itself is just 55 kilometers away, Koodaranji offers a tranquil escape for city dwellers amidst nature’s embrace.

Koodaranji, a renowned tourist destination in Kerala’s Malabar region, boasts the captivating hill station of Kakkadampoyil within its borders. Located atop the Kozhikode district, Kakkadampoyil reigns as one of its highest points, with elevations ranging from 700 to a staggering 2100 meters. This cool climate beckons tourists in droves, making tourism the second-largest source of income for the local economy, right behind agriculture. It also serves as home to many tribal communities. Kakkadampoyil, along with many villages within the Koodaranji panchayath, has a rich history marked by tribal settlements that predate later migrations.

Winding its way through Kerala’s majestic hills, the Kerala Hill Highway, also known as State Highway 59, promises to unlock the full potential of Koodaranji. This ambitious multi-purpose project by the Kerala government aims to not only boost the tourism sector but also improve the lives of the many hill farmers who are the backbone of the state’s economy.
The highway, connecting Nandarapadavu in Kasaragod to Parassala in Thiruvananthapuram, will traverse Koombara town.The proposed Kerala Hill Highway positions Koodaranji to become a thriving hub within Kerala’s hill country, mirroring the success of established destinations like Thiruvambadi. This ambitious infrastructure project, traversing directly through Koodaranji, holds immense potential to unlock the town’s hidden potential. Imagine Koodaranji as a key link, not only for the Hill Highway but also for the proposed Wayanad-Kozhikode tunnel road. This connectivity could propel Koodaranji’s growth to even greater heights.Travelers can now easily access the newly constructed huge junction near St. Sebastian’s Higher Secondary School on the Kodanchery-Kakkadampoyil stretch of the upcoming Kerala Hill Highway.


Situated in the foothills of the Western Ghats, Karamoola is a remote village in Kerala’s Kozhikode district. This charming village lies 30 kilometers from Kozhikode town, located between Mukkam and Koodaranji towns. Regular bus services connect Karamoola to the bustling towns of Mukkam and Koodaranji, making it easily accessible.

Karamoola, fosters closer ties with neighboring Koodaranji panchayath and Mukkam municipality despite its official designation in Karassery panchayath. Residents often identify themselves as belonging to Mukkam, highlighting the strong connections between the communities.The Iruvanjipuzha, a major tributary of the Chaliyar River, carves a natural separation between Karamoola and Mukkam town, with Karamoola residing on the eastern bank. Thankfully, the Mukkam Kadavu bridge bridges this gap, offering effortless access between the two. A quick five-minute drive across the bridge takes you from the heart of Mukkam to Karamoola.

Karamoola village is home to the Daruswalah Islamic Academy, a premier Islamic center under the Samastha banner. Karamoola is a muslim majority village and sizeable population of Hindu and Christian communities live in and around.

Hussain Kalpoor

Hussain Kalpoor was a wildlife recuer, forest watcher, and a snake catcher who was indeed known as Steve Irwin of Kerala. As a charismatic wildlife enthusiast and animal behavior expert with excellent knowledge of rough terrains of Western Ghat mountains of Kerala, Kerala Forest Department hired him as a forest watcher. He hailed from Kalpoor near Karamoola.


Situated snugly near the towering hills and vrrdant forests of Western Ghat mountains of Kerala, a picturesque town that seems to have sprung from the very essence of nature itself. Wayanad Ghat, a famous tourism destination and road passage between Bangalore and Kozhikode, is named after Thamarassery town. Earlier known as Thazhmalachery, now a fast growing town, and rapid expansion to neighbouring areas that characterize its development. Thamarassery has grown from Perumbally – Malapuram area in the north to Parappanpoyil in the south and from Korangadu in the west to Kudukkilammaram in the east.

Thamarassery is situated at the convergence of major national and state highways. It serves as a vital transportation hub, connecting travelers and goods from near and far. National Highway 766 which connects Kozhikode and Kollegal via Mysore, is the lifeline of Thamarassery. More than 60 percent of total business, commercial and transportation infrastructures are located on both sides of NH 766. Kerala state highway 34 which connects Koyilandy and Edavanna via Balussery and Mukkam is another major road passing through Thamarassery. SH 34 intersects with NH 766 at Chunkam. Thamarassery has a KSRTC Depot which is running bus services to different parts of Kerala. Frequent bus services to Mysore, Bangalore and Kozhikode are available at every ten minutes.

Thamarassery is comparatively a big township than neighbouring towns. It possesses all the necessary criteria to be upgraded to muncipality but remains classified as a grama panchayath. In 2015, neighbouring Koduvally and Mukkam grama panchayaths both of which are towns in the same category of Thamarassery, were upgraded to muncipality. But Thamarassery was given taluk status in 2014 bifurcating Kozhikode taluk. Taluk headquarters and Taluk hospital are located in Thamarassery town.

Thamarassery is a commercial and business hub of the area. People from Thamarassery, Kattippara, Puthuppadi, Kodanchery and Unnikulam panchayaths as well as parts of Omassery, Thiruvambady, Panangad and Kizhakkoth panchayaths completely depend on Thamarassery for their commerce, business and transportation needs.

Thamarassery is a multicultural panchayath with a muslim majority population. There is a signigicant Hindu and Christian communities live here.

Thamarassery Churam

Thamarassery Churam or a mountain pass which is known for its unique beauty, engineering marvel, and historical significance. Churam is a scenic mountain pass locates in the Western Ghats of Kerala. While it traverses through picturesque landscapes that are often associated with Wayanad district, the pass itself falls within the jurisdiction of Kozhikode district. Earlier the area was part of Thamarassery grama panchayath until Puthuppadi panchayath was formed. It’s vital route connecting Kozhikode and Wayanad districts, offering travelers breathtaking views of the Western Ghats as yhey wind their way through the lush greenery and mist-clad hills. The route is famous for its nine hairpin bends and the panoramic views it provides to those who traverse it.

It is believed that British officers found the ghat road with the help of Karinthandan, a tribal in Lakkidi.According to British archives, it was recorded Lakkidikotta was the first place to reach after climbing Thamarassery Churam. A mysterious chain locked old tree on the side of the road is the most intriguing attraction of Lakkidi. There are many speculations about the origin of the chained tree. Tribal communities worship here and annual special poojas are performed. Two dominant, opposing narratives are prevalent about chained tree. One is the most prominant story of Karinthandan, a Paniya tribal chieftain who helped an English man of British East India Company to find way to Mysore Kingdom from Kozhikode. It is widely believed that Karinthandan had wide knowledge about the steep and rough hilly terrains of Lakkidi. British engineers who were tasked to find path to , fell in vain and resorted Karinthandan and his men. They guided them to ascend to the top until Lakkidi from where Karinthandan became a victim of cruel deception by engineers in order to claim the fame and reward that they discovered moutain path. Earlier a reward had been announced to those who finds a way to top.

British engineers pushed him off the cliff and fell into gorges of mountain ranges. It was one of the terrible betrayal in the history of Kerala during British Empire. All of the followers of his tribe were overwhelmed with grief. Soon after the death of Karinthandan, brutal revenges of his restless soul haunted many in the form of tragedies. and accidents. People scared to travel through Churam. Finally priests found out that Karinthandan was making troubles to all who pass through. They captured restless spirit of Karinthandan and enchained it to a nearby tree.


Mavoor, a beautiful township which mainly developed after 1960s bears with remnants of a once-thriving pulp factory (Gwalior Rayons later renamed as Grasim Industries) now standing as silent witnesses to byhone days. The streets of Mavoor might echo with the whispers of workers who once toilered here, and blowing sounds of fully bamboo loaded trucks when they accelerate.

Eventhough the closure of the pulp and fabric factory owned by Birla Group devastated local economy of Mavoor, the town stands as a symbol of both the community’s resilience and its stuggles.

Mavoor, a picturesque town surrounded by paddy fields, wetlands, and Chaliyar river, situated 20 kilometre east of Kozhikode city. Well known Mavoor Road which starts from Kozhikode town and run via Kozhikode Medical College. Mavoor junction has roads to Kozhikode city, Kattangal where prestigious National Institute of Technology and MVR Cancer Centre are located, Mukkam, and Edavannappara in Malappuram district. Chaliyar, the fourth longest river in Kerala, divide Mavoor and parts of Malappuram district. Elamaram Kadavu Bridge provide easy connectivity between two districts. New bridge offers a swift and modern passage to Edavannappara, contrasting with the long route through Oorkadavu Regulator Cum Bridge. One can reach from Mavoor to Edavannappara in less than 10 minutes.

Mavoor is a grama panchayath and a local transportation hub where many buses are running through different locations.

Mavoor Gasim Industry

Established in 1963 by Birla company, in an area of 316 acres of land on the bank of Chaliyar river to produce pulp and fibre, became a major industrial centre in Kerala. With the arrival of factory, Mavoor has been undergone through massive infrastructural development and witnessed booming business and trade. In the end of 1950s, Government of Kerala procured land and handed over to Gwalior Ryons with an aim of uplifting of economically backward Malabar region. In 1970s, Mavoor was one of the most prosperous panchayath in Kerala. Even before the beginning of gulf boom in Malabar, many locals were employed here with better salary and social conditions. A township with schools, a hospital and prayer centres were built. Birla group permanently closed the factory in 2001 and still holding the land.

Polluted water, tainted by years of waste and hazardous chemical discharge into Chaliyar caused many diseases in surrounding areas. Accoring to a report, 213 people died alone in Vazhakkad panchayath which is situated opposite of Mavoor panchayath. Mavoor witnessed one of the successfull environmental movement in the state of Kerala under K.A Rahman who died of cancer himself.

Despite the hardships, now there are a sense of hope to rebuild its glorious past by seting up new new eco-friendly industries. Government of Kerala is in discussion with Birla group to set up new projects in the deserted Mavoor. People see little hope about Birla to re-open any projects here despite countinuos survey they are conducting in the land.

Mavoor Wetlands

Mavoor is well known for its wetland which serve as vital habitats for diverse range of migratory birds, is a major tourist attraction espesially for bird watchers. A huge area (Approximately 500 acres) of Mavoor grama panchayath, dominated by wetlands create both challenges and opportunities for development. A huge part of Mavoor, taken by wetlands and Grasim Industries and rest is densely populated, it faces with a unique dilemma, simply no space for new construction and traditional development anymore. The only options are either filling wetlands or procuring lands from Grasim Industries, both of which are not easy due to environmental and legal issues. Every inch of dry lands is precious, coveted for its potential to sustain life and livelihood.

The Mavoor Wetlands, with their intricate network of ponds and open water, are haven for migratory birds on their awe-inspiring journeys across countires and continents.

Vishuppadam Tirur

Vishuppadam was one of the old trade fair ground where many traders and marchants came from surrounding villages of Malappuram district would flock to the fair ground two or three days before Vishu to sell their products during Vishu, the second largest festival in Kerala after Onam. Once bustling with the busy sounds of trade and commerce, the Vishuppadam near the temple held a cherished tradition during its Vishu season. Vishuppadam, which was situated near Thrikandiyur Temple in Tirur.

According to locals it existed for centuries and lasted in the middle of twenteeth century. For generations, this marketplace served as the heart of vishu festival in Tirur, where merchants and artisans showcased their wares and crafts. Vettathunadu kings started the trade fair. Earlier during Vettathunadu dynasty, barter system of trade existed for a long time. Rice, candies, mats, vegitables, fishes, clay potteries and even dogs were sold at the fair. However, over time, the once – thriving trade fair bagan to lose its glory due to medernisation which brought commercial complexes, townships and supermarkets. Furthermore, the Vishu itself underwent changes from once deep rooted cultural event to commercialisation. Many of the older residents reminisced about the days when the village flourished with excietment and joy. According to Tirur Dinesh, a famous historian from Tirur has verified that a very huge crowd of people had visited Vishuppadam on Vishu day.

Vishuppadam had well organised system and divided into different kandam. Each kandam was assigned into different products.